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Startseite - Facility Management Forum - Lexicon in English wo finde ich ein FM Lexikon
 

Lexicon in English wo finde ich ein FM Lexikon

Text Datum Benutzer
Lexicon in English wo finde ich ein FM Lexikon
Guten Tag, als Ergänzung mein English Lexicon TGA, FM, LC.
MfG Braun
Teil 7

Velocity Pressure (VP)
Velocity pressure results only when air is in motion and is measured in inches of water (Pa). One inch water gauge corresponds to 4005 fpm (standard air) velocity. To determine velocity pressure use the following formula:
Vendor
The seller of property.
Vent
A stack designed to convey water vapor, or other gas, from inside a building or building component to the atmosphere.
Venue
The proper place or locality where a suit should be tried, taking into consideration the convenience of the parties.
Vermiculite
A material used for its insulating characteristics in lightweight insulating concrete. Vermiculite is formed by heating mica rock, resulting in great expansion. See also Perlite.
Vertical Transportation Systems
Elevators, escalators, and moving walks and ramps that facilitate movement within large structures.
Vesting
A term that defines how much of an employee's pension benefits are owned by the employee at any point in time.
Vicarious Liability
Being responsible for that which someone else has done or failed to do. (2) A tort law concept that generally refers to the legal liability that certain people may have for the actions of others.
Video Phone
A telephone with a built-in video display screen; transmits both auditory and visual data over high-capacity lines.
Videoconferencing
Conducting a meeting via closed-circuit television broadcast to several sites. See also Teleconferencing.
Viewing-Distance Factor
A ratio of the width of a projected image to the maximum acceptable distance of a viewer from the image.
Vinyl Plastic
A resilient flooring composed of vinyl resins, plasticizers, fillers, stabilizers, and coloring matter, with good wear surface and durability.
Virtual
A physical object or place simulated electronically—for example, a virtual disk (simulated data storage in a computer's memory) or a virtual office (a physical workplace simulated by computers and telecommunications devices). Also, in telecommunications, networks in which carriers require dedicated access only to their point of presence (POP).
Virtual corporation
Businesses that are composed of independent individuals and/or businesses that provide the physical resources of the corporation. There is no physical headquarters from which the enterprise is run.
Virucide
A disinfectant that kills viral organisms that cause diseases like viral pneumonia or influenza.
Virus
A computer program that disables other programs, contaminates or destroys data, or renders computer components inoperable.
Vision
An element of leadership that outlines where the organization should go and what it should become; focuses on strategic advantages, inspiration to deliver those advantages consistently, and clarity as a decision-making criterion.
Vision Panel
A window on most modern buildings that cannot be opened or adjusted.
Vital Records
Records essential to resuming or continuing the existence of an organization; those necessary to re-create the company's legal and financial position; and/or those necessary to preserve the rights of the company, its employees, its customers, and its stockholders.
VOCs
Volatile organic compounds. Compounds that evaporate, are gaseous at room temperature, and are released from products being used and stored. Typically found in newly manufactured building products such as carpet and upholstery. See also Offgassing.
Voice mail
An automated message delivery, storage, and retrieval system incorporated into many telecommunications systems.
Voice response system
An automated telecommunications system that responds to voice commands to guide calls; especially useful for callers with rotary-dial phones.
Voidable contract
A contract that may be fully enforceable against one party but legally voided at the option of the other party.
Voir dire
The process by which potential jurors are examined in order to elicit grounds for disqualification of those deemed undesirable.
Voltage
The force required to move electrons through a conducting medium; determines the quantity of electrons or current flowing through a specific conductor or device. Also known as electromotive force (emf) or potential, abbreviated V and symbolized by E. The potential difference in electric charge between two terminals of a source of electrical energy, measured in volts.
Voltage drop
That portion of the voltage used or "consumed" by each device in a circuit.
Voltage indicator
A pen-like pocket tool used to check for the presence of Alternating Current (AC) voltage over 50 V.
Voltmeter
A meter that is connected across the terminals of either a source of applied emf or a circuit component to measure the Electromotive Force (emf) or voltage.
Voluntary compensation endorsement
Provides coverage to various classifications of employees who might be otherwise exempted from workers' compensation coverage. Such classifications might include domestic or agricultural employees.



Wainscoting
An extra covering installed on wall surfaces for added protection at and below the chair line.
Waiting period
A certain period of time that must elapse before payment of a loss begins.
Waiver
The voluntary relinquishment of a known right.
Wallfield
An area of wall space in a telecommunications wiring closet used for attaching equipment, terminal racks, etc.
Warrant
A certificate that gives the holder a right to purchase a specified number of shares of stock in a company at a specified price at any time during the term of the warrant.
Warranty
An expressed condition in an insurance policy where the insured promises (or warrants) that certain conditions do exist at the inception or beginning of the policy, or that the conditions will continue to exist during the life of the policy coverage.
Warranty deed or general warranty deed
A deed that expressly includes one or more covenants of title.
Warranty of habitability
The requirement imposed on landlords to deliver livable premises when the lease term begins and to maintain the premises in a habitable condition throughout the term.
Waste
A deliberate or voluntary destructive act committed against property or the act of neglecting or omitting to do what could have prevented damages.
Water infiltration
Leakage of water into a building or building component, usually through wall pores and expansion joints, and around windows.
Water resistant
Any substance that resists the passing or joining of water or water vapor (for example, caulking materials that are used to seal cracks around windows, or silicone-type treatments of brick surfaces and joints).
Water side
The side of a boiler's heat transfer surfaces in contact with water or steam.
Water-reactive substances
Chemicals that react with water to release a gas that is either flammable or presents a health hazard.
Watershed
See Drainage Basin.
Water-soluble paint
Paint that can be thinned with water and remains water-soluble on the surface, so it cannot be washed without removing the film.
Water-thinnable emulsion paint
Paint that can be thinned with water, but that becomes insoluble in water and can be washed after the paint dries.
Watertube boiler
A boiler in which water or steam passes through tubes surrounded by the hot gases from combustion.
Watt
The measure of electric power; abbreviated W. Electricity is consumed at a rate of one watt when an Electromotive Force (emf) of one volt causes a current of one ampere to flow in a circuit. This formula is known as Watt's law: Power (watts) = emf (volts) x Current (amps).
Watt-hour meters
Electric meters that measure the amount of electric energy consumed over a specific length of time.
Wattmeter
A meter installed in a circuit to determine power consumption.
Weather stripping
Metal or plastic material used in thin strips to ensure a weather-tight seal (for example, where sashes and jambs or sills come together). Weather stripping is considered to be only moderately successful in preventing water infiltration.
Weep hole (closed)
A closed weep is a hinged flap that drains moisture but then closes to prevent air infiltration.
Weep hole (open)
A small hole or slot designed to drain water from a window or wall system. An open weep is a cutout section without moving parts.
Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC)
A model that evaluates the cost and tax implications of borrowed funds. It is also capable of calculating the cost of using equity funds and the impact of flotation costs upon the firm or a specific project.
Well development
The removal of at least three times the well volume of groundwater prior to sample collection.
Wet shampooer
A single-disc floor machine with a shower-feed and solution attachment.
Wet sprinkler system
A sprinkler system in which water is always kept in the piping. See also Dry Sprinkler System.
Wet-Bulb (WB) temperature
Temperature measurement that takes into consideration the moisture content of the air.
Wetlands
Transitional land between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the land surface or the land is covered by shallow water.
White collar
Human labor based on the use of knowledge and information.
White noise
Background noise generated by a random-frequency noise generator to mask high-frequency sounds, particularly consonants in human speech. See also Sound Masking.
WHMIS
Workplace Hazardous Material Information System. In Canada, a standard system of labeling products in the workplace to provide workers with the basic information to work safely with the product. Works in conjunction with the material safety data sheets provided by the manufacturer and is maintained on hand by the employer.
WHO
World Health Organization.
Will
A written instrument that complies with the formalities of a state's statute and that directs the distribution of a person's property at death.
Willful violation
An OSHA infraction in which death or serious physical harm results from an uncorrected hazard; these violations carry the highest penalties. Also results when no fatality or serious injury occurs but documentation exists that a manager was aware of the hazard that created a potential for serious physical harm but took no corrective measures.
Wind loading
The force (positive or negative) exerted on a building by pressure of wind, proportional to the square of the wind speed component perpendicular to the building.
Window assembly
A fully constructed window, including the frame and all other components.
Windows
A graphically oriented operating system, used on many Personal Computers (PCs), that runs highly graphic software applications.
Wire
The most common type of electrical conductor; used to conduct electricity and constructed of one or more strands of cylindrical metal.
Wire gauge and sizes
Wires are classified by their diameters or cross-sectional areas. The two systems used to measure the cross-sectional area of an electrical conductor are American Standard Wire Gauge (AWG) and circular mils.
Wire nuts
The preferred way to splice conductors is to use solderless connectors, which are threaded onto the stripped ends of the wires.
Wired
In telecommunications systems, the wired capacity of a system is based on the number of slots available in the installed carriers; refers to how many ports can be added by adding port circuit cards only.
Wiring diagrams
Electrical drawings intended to guide equipment installation; often, they are also useful during maintenance and troubleshooting.
Word processing
A software application that emulates the functions of traditional typewriters and most typesetting operations for a wide variety of applications based on printed alphanumeric text.
Work areas
Offices, conference rooms, and utility areas.
Work environment
The area and equipment assigned to people doing work.
Work letter
The list of tenant allowances for standard and above-standard items -- such as partitions, outlets, and carpeting -- to be provided under the terms of a space lease.
Work management system
A Computer-Aided Facilities Management (CAFM) application that provides a higher level of control for multifaceted work than building management systems do. For example, it can be used to generate several work orders and then assign them to one project.
Work physiology
The study of energy expenditure during work.
Work reception center
The facilities department unit responsible for receiving, organizing, and prioritizing work requests. It is the place customers contact when they need a facilities service. This center, accessible by phone and fax, is staffed by facilities personnel who are skilled in listening to customers' requests and complaints and then analyzing each situation to determine where to refer the call.
Workers' compensation
Insurance for employee injuries, sickness, or disease arising out of their employment and liability coverage (for employers) for such occurrences.
Workers' compensation acts/employers' liabilities acts
Statutory plans of compensation to employees for injuries received in their employment, which replace the need for the employee to resort to personal injury litigation.
Workers' compensation systems
State/provincial systems that provide medical benefits and/or indemnity compensation to victims of work-related injuries and illnesses.
Working drawings
A complete set of scaled drawings with keyed notes detailing the work required and types of materials to be used in constructing the improvements; synonymous with construction drawings.
Workmanship
The level of accuracy, refinement, durability, appearance, and finish required.
Workplace standards
Guidelines used to allocate workspace on a corporate-wide basis according to set criteria, such as position, title or seniority.
Workstation
In reference to computers, powerful Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC)-based Central Processing Units (CPUs) similar to minicomputers; in reference to furniture and space planning, the furniture and equipment required by one worker (sometimes shared by two or more). See also Support Space.
Workstation level
A project planning level in which furniture and other factors that contribute to the support of individual workers are considered. See also Base Building Level and Tenant Build-out Level.
Workstations
Any space for which a function is accomplished. This may be an enclosed space or a space in an open area. A workstation does not necessarily require that a person or persons be assigned to that particular space.
World wide web
A vast and growing collection of Web sites used for online communication and information.
Worm drives
Write once, read many drives. Optical-reading data-storage devices with data-storage densities and capacities higher than those found on hard disks.
Wound-rotor motor
An induction motor with a rotor winding added to gain some control of speed and a higher starting torque.
Wraparound loan
A form of loan used for additional financing. Provides a much higher return to the second lender while offering the borrower a way to borrow money at less than current rates.
Wrongful detention
Holding someone against his or her will.
Wye-connected transformer
A transformer with an internal connection point, called a tap, common to all three-phase windings.


Xeriscape
A landscape design concept that uses locally grown, native plants that require little supplemental irrigation beyond normal rainfall.
XRF (X-RAY Fluorescence) analyzer
An instrument that determines the lead concentration in milligrams per square centimeter (mg/cm2) using the principle of X-ray fluorescence


14 Dec 2009
16:14:00
Braun

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